It can be used to break out from restricted environments by spawning an interactive system shell.
It writes data to files, it may be used to do privileged writes or write files outside a restricted file system.
export LFILE=file_to_write pwsh -c '"DATA" | Out-File $env:LFILE'
If the binary is allowed to run as superuser by
sudo, it does not drop the elevated privileges and may be used to access the file system, escalate or maintain privileged access.