It can be used to generate core dumps of running processes. Such files often contains sensitive information such as open files content, cryptographic keys, passwords, etc. This command produces a binary file named
core.$PID, that is then often filtered with
strings to narrow down relevant information.
It reads data from files, it may be used to do privileged reads or disclose files outside a restricted file system.
If the binary has the SUID bit set, it does not drop the elevated privileges and may be abused to access the file system, escalate or maintain privileged access as a SUID backdoor. If it is used to run
sh -p, omit the
-p argument on systems like Debian (<= Stretch) that allow the default
sh shell to run with SUID privileges.
This example creates a local SUID copy of the binary and runs it to maintain elevated privileges. To interact with an existing SUID binary skip the first command and run the program using its original path.
sudo install -m =xs $(which gcore) . ./gcore $PID
If the binary is allowed to run as superuser by
sudo, it does not drop the elevated privileges and may be used to access the file system, escalate or maintain privileged access.
sudo gcore $PID