.. / cpan


It can be used to break out from restricted environments by spawning an interactive system shell.

Reverse shell

It can send back a reverse shell to a listening attacker to open a remote network access.

File upload

It can exfiltrate files on the network.

File download

It can download remote files.


If the binary is allowed to run as superuser by sudo, it does not drop the elevated privileges and may be used to access the file system, escalate or maintain privileged access.